Correctional Medical Care’s New Scholarship

We’re very excited to announce the establishment of our new scholarship. In Spring 2018, Correctional Medical Care will make multiple $1,000 awards to students demonstrating an interest in pursuing a career in a medical field. We’re very pleased to support these students as they pursue their dreams. With the ever-increasing cost of college, it’s more important than ever before to give these achievers the support they need. If you’re interested in learning more or applying, please visit the link below.

The Importance of Compassionate Care

Compassion can be defined as a sensitivity to distress together with the commitment, courage, and wisdom to do something about it. Patient outcomes are proven to improve when the spirit of compassion influences in all patient interactions.

Press Ganey has found six themes in compassionate care:

■ Acknowledge Suffering: We should acknowledge that our patients are suffering and show them that
we understand.
■ Body Language Matters: Non-verbal communication skills are as important as the words we use.
■ Anxiety is Suffering: Anxiety and uncertainty are negative outcomes that must be addressed.
■ Coordinate Care: We should show patients that their care is coordinated and continuous, and that
“we” are always there for them.
■ Caring Transcends Diagnosis: Real caring goes beyond delivery of medical interventions to the
■ Autonomy Reduces Suffering: Autonomy helps preserve dignity for patients.

If empathy doesn’t come naturally to a health care provider, it can be taught. Coaching on patient interactions can make a big difference. Instead of making providers into something akin to healthcare machines, the goal should be to create people who can function as healthcare empaths.

Obviously, there are many competent providers for whom compassion may not be a natural component of their makeup. And providers, at the end of the day, are only human and can have their limits stretched, particularly in the difficult healthcare environment. But providing hope and support can only serve to make provider/patient interactions more productive.

Use of Drug Courts

Drug courts are an option for drug addicts arrested for related offenses that involve rehabilitation rather than incarceration. Proponents argue they are a more humane option, while opponents have a different view. On the left, there is wariness about a judge acting as a medical decision maker when giving a treatment protocol for an individual. There is also a fear that “abstinence” rehab programs, as opposed to chemically assisted ones, are ineffective and may actually result in serious illness or even death. And although drug courts have received support from all over the political spectrum, some conservatives are concerned that drug courts treat a serious criminal problem with what amounts to a slap on the wrist.

Organizations like the National Association of Drug Court Professionals are actively trying to make it so all Americans have access to drug court. New York state, for example, has 141 drug courts in use, but this does not ensure every New York resident would have access. 70 percent of drug offenders who are not given any form of rehabilitation end up back in jail or prison, so drug courts are a way of reducing long-term costs of imprisoning people.

Costs of Health Care in Correctional Facilities

Health services can make up anywhere from nine to thirty percent of corrections costs. There are several methods that prisons have tested to contain costs. Reducing both costs and demand for services have been studied, but the approaches of various correctional facilities in the US are very different.

Three important ways to reduce costs could be:

1. implementing and expanding telemedicine. This can decrease costly and sometimes unsafe patient transportation and increase access to specialists.

2.  implementing new technologies to decrease the time nurses spend dispensing medication. Automating many of these tasks could help decrease medical errors and improve quality of care.

3. working with other facilities to increase their economies of scale, correctional facilities could raise their bargaining power and negotiate lower costs for medications with providers.

Currently, there is no singular list of “best practices” for correctional facilities; programs are implemented as needed. Researchers conclude there is no “one-size fits all solution,” and that additional research must occur to determine cost saving strategies that provide the most effective results.

Emre Umar

Suicide Rates in Prison

Suicide is one of the leading causes of inmate death in both prisons and jails. In 2013, for every 100,000 prisoners, 46 inmates imprisoned in jails and 15 in prisons had committed suicide. This continued a budding trend of increased suicide rates among prisoners in jails since 2009’s staggering jump from about 30 to over 40 deaths. Small jails in fact have a suicide rate six times higher than some of the nation’s largest jails. But, why does this occur?

Research suggests that the largest amount of jail suicides occur in first-time offenders. This is attributed to the shock-factor of an incarceration, or “shock of confinement.” The life the inmate had led up until that point, likely with family, a home, the outdoors, and some modicum of normality is abruptly stripped away, and the very framework of an existence is thrown on its axis. This contrasts with convicted felon suicides, which occurs at a rate seven times less.

Commonly, the issue has been poor pre-screening and not recognizing warning symptoms, followed by a lack of mental healthcare. This is being combated by the courts, where many judges are ruling in favor of required programs that sufficiently identify, evaluate, and take steps to deter suicidal tendencies to prevent a fatal result. Researchers point out a need for internal improvement, as external oversight is a rare occurrence.

The Grooves Rule and How it Affects the Game of Golf

In golf, advantages are not reliant solely on skill. Equipment plays a large role in determining the winners and losers, and gaining can be easy, though potentially expensive. The Grooves Rule, though, aims to curb that issue in the amateur leagues. The Grooves Rule applies to the type of grooves cut into a club, and highlights the differences specifically between U-Groove and V-Groove clubs. What the rule means is that clubs manufactured and being used in tournament play must conform to new industry standards established in 2010.

Before the Rule was implemented in 2010, U-Groove clubs were rampant in tournament play by high-caliber competitors. U-Groove clubs have a specific edge over the more common V-Groove sibling – the clubs put a significant amount of spin on the ball. Where this proved particularly beneficial was in getting a ball out of the rough, adding a decent amount of ease to something meant to act as penalty. The Grooves Rule reverts back to V-Groove clubs, and is not limited to wedges. The grooves are smaller, duller, and spaced closer together, decreasing the spin produced drastically. All clubs produced following 2010 must be made in accordance with this regulation.

In 2014, amateur tournaments began adopting the Grooves rule. This includes all games conducted by the USGA and the Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews. The rule will not see broad effect and implementation to the entire sport until after 2020, when the results of the rule will be evaluated. Until then, casual play will be a self-policing matter.

How to Converse in the Business World

Communication is the base of human interaction. Whether the communication is spoken or shown through facial expressions and body language, we can express our thoughts and emotions easily. However, expressing our thoughts and emotions clearly or appropriately is the challenge that many face on a daily basis. Trying to communicate in the professional setting can just be another challenge factor that most do not know how to navigate. When you are conversing with a client, coworker, employee, or boss, you are not chatting about last night’s Dancing with the Stars episode (typically). However, there are always exceptions to any of the rules below. If you are very close with a client or boss, your behavior should not necessarily follow this.

What setting are you in?
The time and place of a business meeting make all the difference in how you should approach a conversation. If you are out first thing in the morning at a café in the city where French toast is $27, you should be more formal in your conversation with a client. If you are out late at night, having whiskey and sodas at the local bar, you can probably relax a little and untuck your shirt.

What does your expression and body language saying?
Your face always has an expression on it whether you aware and in control of it or not. You are portraying an emotion or thought to another person without even speaking. Your body language plays a part in how someone is perceiving your mood, thought, or even who you are as a person. Your body language should be calm and confident; while you’re facial expression can vary. If you are trying to make a hard business deal, you may want a stern, aggressive face. However, if you are just having a bi-weekly board meeting, you may just need to be relaxed and thoughtful. Learning to analyze your situation and company make these decisions easier.

Are you speaking with someone from a different culture?
With billions of people in the world spread miles and miles apart, what is appropriate in one location is not in another. You have to be sure that if you are discussing business with international clients or partners, you are sensitive to the words or signs that could be found offensive. For instance, even simply getting into a cab can be insulting in New Zealand. In America, as a passenger, you sit in the back seat. If you are travelling alone in New Zealand and sit in the back of the cab, you are thought to be too good to sit up front with the driver. It’s best to view another person’s culture before a meeting to ensure you make the right impression.

Do you know this person or group’s personality?
Are you familiar with you are speaking to? Besides just realizing the situation you are in and the differences in their upbringing, you always need to read their personality. Are they more serious or laid back? Do they enjoy humorous banter during a meeting or do they want to stick to the agenda? These are things that can help improve your relationship with the client.

Talking to people can be challenging in a professional setting because sometimes you only have one chance to make a good first impression. You need to be aware of the situation and who you are trying to do business practices with.

The Best Things About Penn State

Penn State University, home of the Nittany Lions. The name and mascot themselves conjure up thoughts of academic prestige, athletic tradition, and overall greatness. The nation knows of its flagship status and standing as one of the top public universities in the United States. But what many do not know and fail to realize is the other exciting, top-notch, influential activities and opportunities that encompass Penn State and surround Happy Valley. These are the best things about Penn State!

With almost 1,000 student clubs and organizations, one will have a hard time finding themselves without something to do. From intramural sports to Greek life to clubs founded at random, Penn State has the organizations that any student desires or can dream up. No matter the time or day, activities are always being presented and participated in. Students can expand their horizons by joining a new club or hone in on their already established skills by participating in a lifelong passion.

Penn State is home to one of the largest football stadiums in the world. Beaver Stadium can hold upwards of 107,000 people! And when it’s full, which is most of the time during football games, there are few places more thrilling and adrenaline ridden than Beaver Stadium. No matter how big or little of a sports fan one may be football games bring out the utmost of energy from everyone. Whether you’re a student or faculty member or just passing through campus, do whatever it takes to be part of this extremely unique atmosphere and experience.

Surrounded by coffee shops, restaurants, shopping centers, and more, Penn State has anything and everything needed to have a good time. No matter what one is looking, it can be found within a short distance of campus. Spend an afternoon or an entire weekend exploring the unique and marvels shops that make campus and its surrounding areas a hot spot for adventure.

No matter your standing as a student or community member, Penn State has it all. From organizations to athletics to downtown adventures, Penn State is home to some of the most fun and memory building opportunities around. Don’t miss your chance to gain a top-notch education while simultaneously being part of the countless array of fun doings that Penn State has to offer.

Mental Health Awareness Week

Mental Health Awareness Week takes place every year during the first week of October. It has been a national event since the 1980s, when groups like The National Alliance on Mental Health, The American Psychological Association, and The American Psychiatric Association joined forces to convince state and federal governments about the importance of mental health. President Ronald Reagan, along with Congress, was responsible for nationalizing efforts made to educate and increase awareness of mental health and the tradition has continued to this day.

During the first week of October, advocates and organizations join together to educate and inform the general public about mental illnesses. They provide information for different mental health conditions, give warning signs for when someone might consider harming themselves, and they provide insight to the challenges that a person might face, living with a mental illness on a day-to-day basis. There is also a lot information given to those who might need resources or a support system, either for themselves or for a loved one who is struggling. The objective of Mental Health Awareness Week is for people to start speaking out about mental illnesses in hopes of decreasing, and hopefully eventually eradicating the stigma altogether.

One of the most beneficial things that can be discussed is the importance of mental health screenings. Screenings today are fast and efficient, usually only taking a few minutes to complete. If someone is at risk for having a mental illness, a screening can identify early signs and symptoms. Early intervention is very important. The screening can offer resources, services, and information to those diagnosed as well as for their family and friends. Mental illnesses can be difficult, but identifying it early and understanding the signs and symptoms can lead to recovery.